When it comes to treating hyperpigmentation, doctors usually recommend hydroquinone. However, you may want to avoid it because of health concerns. Instead, you would choose a natural skin lightening cream to fade those dark spots.
Today, many topical treatments for hyperpigmentation involve the use of plant extracts. They have the potential to keep the melanin production under control. The dermatological experts are studying new topical ingredients to produce safer and more effective products to lighten dark spots on the skin.
Below are some of the natural ingredients used in topical hyperpigmentation treatments. The first four ingredients have limited side effects. They are ideal for people whose skin reacts adversely to other lightening agents. The last two ingredients may cause an allergic reaction in certain individuals.
Lignin is an enzyme that can be obtained from a fungus. It is used in the paper production for whitening purposes. Now it is used in over-the-counter skin lightening products as it has the ability to break down melanin in the skin.
Soy is originated from the soybean plant. You can easily find this ingredient in moisturizers. It reduces the brown spots by disrupting the transfer of melanosomes (small clusters of melanin) to the epidermis. Studies show that it is a potent skin lightener that can prevent excess melanin from forming on the top layer of the skin.
Ellagic acid is an antioxidant, deriving from pomegranates, cherries and strawberries. It interferes the production of melanin by inhibiting an enyzme that is required during the process. It is reported to be more effective than arbutin and kojic acid.
Niacinimide is a type of vitamin B3, which fades pigmentation by hindering the transfer of melanosome to the surface of the skin. It can also stop the appearance of excess melanin on epidermis.
Arbutin is extracted from bearberry, cranberry and blueberry. It is considered the next best alternative to hydroquinone. It is often used together with other skin lightening agents in hyperpigmentation treatment products.
Kojic acid is an antioxidant which is extracted from a fungus. It can dissolve melanin and suppress the production of melanin. It can be used alone or in combination with other skin bleaching ingredients.
The key to treating dark spots is year-round sun protection. Wearing sun protective clothing, wide-brimmed hats, and a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 can boost the effectiveness of the natural topical hyperpigmentation treatment.
Although studies show the effectiveness of these ingredients in fading brown spots, this does not mean you will see quick results. You still need to be patient and consistent before you see any significant improvement.
You should practice due diligence before placing an order of skin lightening creams online. If the products are originated outside the U.S., you have no idea the active ingredients that are used. This brings up the concerns about the quality and the effectiveness of the ingredients.
If you intend to use a natural skin lightening cream, then click here to learn how to choose the best topical remedy for excess pigmentation.